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Common questions about periodontal (gum) disease

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Gum disease is a bacterial infection that can lead to damage to the gums, tissue, and bone around your teeth. The destruction of tissue and bone causes pockets to form around teeth. ARESTIN® (minocycline HCl) Microspheres, 1 mg with scaling and root planing can help address some of the symptoms of gum disease.
For gum disease treatment, dental professionals use a common mechanical procedure known as SRP. Scaling removes bacterial plaque, tartar, and stains from the surface of teeth and their roots. Planing smoothes the rough areas on the roots of teeth to promote healing. This procedure is also known as a deep cleaning.
Gum disease is caused by a bacterial infection that antibiotics can kill. SRP helps remove the causes of bacterial infection, but the procedure alone can't reach bacteria. That’s why your dentist may decide to add a locally administered antibiotic such as ARESTIN® (minocycline HCl) Microspheres, 1 mg.
There are many factors that may put someone at risk for gum disease. Talk to your dental healthcare provider about your specific risk factors. One important factor that can lead to gum disease is poor oral hygiene. Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and regular dental cleanings help prevent plaque buildup. This helps guard against gum disease.

Other risk factors include:
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Certain prescription medications
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Diseases that affect your immune system
  • Tooth irregularities that may lead to food impaction
Good brushing and flossing habits are vital to strong oral health. Practice good oral hygiene by brushing, flossing, and rinsing daily. Use an American Dental Association (ADA)-accepted antimicrobial rinse. Use as directed. However, regular dental checkups are critical to the prevention of more serious oral infections.
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Possibly. Kissing and other forms of salivary contact can transfer bacteria that cause gum disease from one person to another.
Many dental professionals use the term “deep cleaning” to describe SRP.