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There are 2 main stages of periodontal (gum) disease

STAGE 1: Gingivitis

This stage is easier to treat because it only affects the gums and is reversible with good oral hygiene.

Left untreated, gingivitis can lead to a more serious condition known as periodontitis.

Picture of the gingivitis
  • Red, swollen, bleeding gums
  • May lead to periodontitis

STAGE 2: Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a cascade of problems that may occur when gingivitis is left untreated.

Several factors work together to cause irreversible bone loss, and could lead to surgery.

Picture of stage 2 gum disease
Picture of advanced stage 2 gum disease
Images courtesy of Larry A. Sweeting, DDS
  • Bacteria cause chronic infection
  • Pockets, or spaces, form between tooth and gum
  • Can cause destruction of bone support
  • Pocket depth increases
  • May lead to disease progression and surgery

Pockets increase in depth

Your dental professional will measure the depth of your pockets using a tiny probe. A pocket of 4 or more millimeters may be a sign that you have gum disease. If you wait to treat your gum disease, it could lead to painful and expensive surgery in the future. So don't wait. Ask your dental professional how ARESTIN® (minocycline HCl) Microspheres, 1 mg can help prevent further damage today.

Pocket depth is one indicator of the severity of periodontal disease.
A pocket depth of 4 mm or more may mean you have an infection.
A pocket depth of 7 mm or more has the highest risk of permanent damage.
Learn how to treat gum diseaseContinue