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Symptoms of periodontal (gum) disease

Gum infections may cause many symptoms

The symptoms below are all signs of gum disease. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, tell your dental professional.

Patient asking doctor about gum disease symptoms

You may not have these symptoms today, but they may develop in the future. Regular brushing and flossing are essential parts of oral home care. Make an appointment with your dental professional today.

Bad breath
Bacteria that cause gum disease release toxins that can cause bad breath.

Tender or painful gums
Receding gums and exposed tooth roots can cause added sensitivity.

Bright red gums
Even a subtle change in the color of your gums can be a sign of gum disease.

Swollen gums
A gum infection can cause gums to swell.

Bleeding gums
Bleeding is a common symptom of gum disease. Healthy gums should not bleed during brushing, flossing, or a standard dental exam.

Gum disease causes a space, or pocket, to form along the side of your tooth.

Loose teeth
It’s not normal to have teeth that can wiggle progressively. Gum disease can cause teeth to loosen over time.

Shifting teeth
Gum disease also attacks the bone and tissue that support your teeth. This can cause your teeth to change position over time.

What is the best way to protect against gum disease?
Good brushing and flossing habits are vital to strong oral health. Practice good oral hygiene by sticking to a daily Brush, Floss & Rinse™ routine. Use an American Dental Association (ADA)-accepted antimicrobial rinse as directed. However, regular dental checkups are critical to the prevention of more serious oral infections.
Learn about the stages of gum diseaseContinue